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LinkedIn – the professional networking social media site

Founded in 2002, LinkedIn quicky became the largest professional networking site available. It now has over 760 million registered members from more than 150 different countries. But, why do so many people choose to set up a LinkedIn account? Well, typical motivations are:

  • Finding a job opportunity;
  • Sharing a job opportunity;
  • And connecting with other professionals (to ask advice, share ideas or collaborate).

For me, the best way to think about LinkedIn is that it’s a digital version of your CV (with plenty more opportunities to show potential employers who you are).

Creating your profile

With LinkedIn, this best place to start is creating a profile. LinkedIn currently allows you to add the following to your profile page: Your name and location, profile and cover images, a short biography, an about section, a ‘featured’ section, experience (paid and voluntary work), education and qualifications, skills and endorsements, and recommendations.

That’s quite a lot of information. Let’s break some of those areas down to see what they cover:

  • You name and location – you should use your full name (first name and surname) and choose either the location where you are currently based or where you want to be based (e.g., if you are searching for jobs in London, select London. Why? When recruiters search, they often do so by location).
  • The short biography/summary – It’s up to you to decide what you put here, but most people put their job title in the bio. If you’re unemployed or searching for a job, use relevant words that help with search functions – e.g., ‘English Literature graduate seeking jobs in publishing’. Here, you can also use #ONO (Open to New Opportunities). This gets picked up in recruiter searches.
  • Images and the featured section – most LinkedIn profiles tend to feature very formal, professional (in the traditional sense) looking photos. But just because most people choose to go this way, it doesn’t mean you have to do so. Remember, it’s your profile. When I started using LinkedIn, I would add photos that I thought would interest the type of employer I was looking for (someone interested in the charity sector work and a positive approach to work – so, lots of smiling faces!). In the featured section you can add relevant links – perhaps an article you’ve written?
  • The ‘about’ section – it’s typical to start CVs with a personal statement/about me section. The ‘about’ section on your LinkedIn profile is an extension of this. This is the place to have the key information you want a potential employer to see. Lots of LinkedIn users will also add information about their current role, skills, and perhaps about their life outside of work.
  • Professional experience, voluntary work and education – These sections are where you can summarise your previous experience, whether that’s the grades you achieved at school, some volunteering you do on the weekends, or a list of your previous job roles as well as your current one. What should I put in the job roles sections? Similarly to your CV, a good simple structure would be to add in information on the following: key roles and responsibilities, and key achievements. You can also add in information about why you left a job, for example “to find a company with better opportunities for career progression”.
  • Skills – In the skills section you can add in any skills that you’re proud of or that you feel are relevant to the experience you have and the jobs you are applying for. For example, if you’re applying for a job that requires IT skills, it would be good to add Microsoft Office (Word, PowerPoint and Excel) to your skills section. You can also ask your connections to ‘endorse’ each of your skills!
  • Recommendations – last but not least, recommendations. You can leave ‘recommendations’ on your connections’ profiles, stating what your working relationship is/was with them (e.g., are you their manager or do you work in the same team?). You can also ask them to leave a recommendation on your profile! A typical recommendation would be ‘Ayeesha and I worked together on the Blue Project during our time at Jenkins and Co. Ayeesha was hard working and a pleasure to be around…’

So that’s the basics of the profile covered. What’s next?

Like all social media sites, LinkedIn relies a great deal on user generated content – the things that you and I post, share, and engage with. What this means is that there is no right or wrong way to use LinkedIn. Sure, there are some things you can do that are likely to help you build meaningful connections and there are some things that might put people off. But the point is that your LinkedIn profile is yours to develop as you see fit.

You might have been told that your LinkedIn profile and activity needs to be ‘professional’, but it is worth knowing that this is subjective. So, my advice would be this: create a profile and content that align with the version of yourself that you want to present to the world (hopefully the real you!) and that attract the type of people and companies that you want to connect with.

While it’s great to put your spin on your profile and activity, here are some standard dos and don’ts (these are based on my experience and on my opinions – take whatever’s useful and discard anything that isn’t):

Don’t…

  • Let the fear of reaching out to someone stop you from doing so. It’s completely natural to feel scared or unsure when reaching out to someone you’ve never met before for advice or help. The best way to reach out is politely and clearly – make it obvious what you are asking for.
  • Be offended or feel put down if someone doesn’t reply to you on LinkedIn. When I want to learn something new or get an opinion, I’ll typically message 5-10 individuals because I know that several of these will ignore the message.
  • Lie or write anything that would be misleading on your profile. In the long-run it’s never worth lying about your experience on your CV or on LinkedIn.
  • Neglect your LinkedIn profile. A bad LinkedIn profile is in some ways worse than not having a profile at all! Where possible, keep your information updated.
  • View LinkedIn as a ‘taking’ platform. LinkedIn offers many ways to give. For example, you can offer your advice or help a friend by connecting them to someone you’ve met on LinkedIn.
  • Be afraid to report anything that you think is wrong. Although some people think otherwise (often men, sadly), LinkedIn isn’t a dating site. If you see or experience something that you don’t think is right, report it to LinkedIn.

Do

  • Use the power of ‘no’ if you want to. You will likely receive messages from people trying to sell their services, and there’s nothing wrong with this. There’s also nothing wrong with saying ‘no’ to them. Of course, be polite if you can, but don’t be afraid to say ‘no’ – by doing so, you save everyone time down the line!
  • Be wary of what you write online. It’s good to stand up for things you’re passionate about, but remember that it’s hard to ‘unsay’ things you’ve said online.
  • Utilise the potential of LinkedIn – never before has it been so easy to connect with great leaders, people in positions of power and influence, and potential mentors and role models.
  • Borrow ideas from other users – if you see something you like, use it on your profile.
  • Put some time into creating a profile that you’re proud of!

Contacting other people

Examples of how to get in touch with someone you don’t know:

  • “Thank you very much for accepting my invitation to connect. I am interested in learning more about a career in X area and I can see from your profile that you have worked in this industry for some time. Would you mind telling me a bit more about how you got into this industry?”
  • “Thank you for connecting. I invited you to connect because I am looking for a change of career and I am seeking work experience opportunities in the industry you work in. I was wondering if you could point me in the direction of any useful sites or organisations sharing these kinds of opportunities that you are aware of.”

Responding to messages

You’ll receive some great messages and offers on LinkedIn and you’ll receive some that aren’t so exciting. Seeing as lots of us are too nice for our own good, here are some ways to politely say ‘no’ on LinkedIn:

  • “Thank you very much for your message. This sounds interesting, but it’s not something I want to pursue at this time.”
  • “Thank you for your invitation to connect. This isn’t something I would like to do, but I’m, happy to stay connected.”

What should I post or share on LinkedIn?

Again, it’s up to you. You can post about things that matter to you (E.g., conservation work) or something that might help you get a job, like sharing a photo of a qualification you’ve acquired. If you can, it’s important to stay active on LinkedIn – interact with posts you find interesting, join in with debates (respectfully of course) and utilise the content available to help you learn and progress.

Good luck!

I hope you found some of the advice in this article useful. This is a very basic overview of LinkedIn and it doesn’t cover many of the tools available through the platform, so I would advise you do your own research. Not sure where to start? Just search for LinkedIn tutorials on YouTube – they might not all be useful, but it’s a good starting point!

If you would like any help with creating a LinkedIn profile or if you would like someone to review your profile, please email Hal@youpress.org.uk or you can contact Hal directly on LinkedIn – Hal Davidson

Writing a Strong CV

Before I jump into the dos and don’ts of writing a CV, it’s useful to cover some of the basics. What is a CV? What does CV stand for? Why do we need a CV? What is the difference between a covering letter and a CV?

  • A CV, or Curriculum Vitae (Latin, translation – ‘course of life’), is an overview of your experience including: work history, key skills, training and qualifications, education, and personal interests/hobbies;
  • We need CVs because they are a key aspect of most job application processes. For most jobs, you will be asked to submit a CV and a covering letter;
  • A CV covers your experience and key achievements. A covering letter is your opportunity to expand on your experience and demonstrate how it links with the job description/job specification of the role you are applying for. For example, if a job specification asks for a creative individual, you would write a sentence or two about your creative skills and your experience that supports this.

Before I go any further, I want to put a quick disclaimer out there that I’m not a CV expert, but I have done the following:

  • Developed a strong CV with the support of mentors, recruiters and CV writing professionals;
  • Applied for lots of jobs and developed my CV from the resulting feedback, whether it be positive or negative;
  • Researched and educated myself on good CV writing practice;
  • Taken advantage of free CV review sites such as TopCVReviews;
  • I’ve also had a strong track record of getting interviews so hopefully I’m doing something right!

Therefore, if you disagree with any of my advice, that’s fine; take whatever is useful and disregard anything that isn’t.

Take this advice forward! Whenever anyone reviews your CV and gives feedback, you don’t have to take everything they say as gospel just because they are or seem to be more experienced than you are. There is no one way to write the perfect CV. But there are definitely some things to avoid and some things to include.

Now… Some dos and don’ts

Do

  • Include a contact number and contact email address;
  • Reference your key achievements: the things that you are most proud of;
  • Adapt your CV to each application where possible. Even if this is just altering a few words to link your experience to the job specification;
  • Keep the structure clear and simple – make sure the person reading it doesn’t have to guess at anything. Make it easy for them to follow what you have done;
  • Sell yourself (be proud of your achievements). As long as you don’t overdo it, your CV is the one place where you’re allowed to boast!!!
  • Keep your CV updated – don’t leave it to gather dust. It’s important to update and improve your CV regularly.

Don’t

  • Include your age or address on your CV (companies aren’t allowed to discriminate, so they don’t want this information);
  • Use slang or make spelling mistakes. The best way to avoid spelling mistakes is to ask someone to review your CV. A fresh pair of eyes works best! If you’re not sure who to ask, just reach out to any member of the You Press team;
  • Lie about your experience. It’s just not worth it in the long run!

Frequently asked questions

  • How long should my CV be? Ideally, 2 sides of A4. If it’s a little under or a little over, don’t worry.
  • Do I need to add my references to my CV or write ‘References available on request’? No, you don’t – it’s assumed that you will provide references when asked, so you do not need to state on your CV that you will provide references.
  • Can I get can creative with CV visually? Yes and no. Sorry to be difficult! There’s a fine line between a creative CV that looks great and one that looks unprofessional. If you’re talented creatively and you want to use your creative talents to show an employer what you can do and also tell them about yourself through your creativity, go for it. It can be a great way to stand out from the crowd. You just need to be confident you can stand out in the right way! If you really want to have a creative CV, but you’re not creative yourself, research companies who can help you.

An example structure

  • Executive summary – 1-3 sentences about yourself e.g.
  • Career highlights – 1-5 achievements
  • Key skills – 1-5 skills (these should be relevant to the role you are applying for)
  • Employment history
    • Layout:
      • Role title, company, dates worked (e.g., 01/01/2020 – present or ‘01/01/2020 – 09/11/2020)
      • Bullet points – short simple sentences about your experience: what you did in the role.
    • Content:
      • If you’re not sure what to write, think about these two areas: what were your responsibilities and what did you achieve?
  • Voluntary experience
  • Relevant training and qualifications
  • Personal interests/hobbies (this is a good chance to tell your potential employer about what you like to do outside of work).

A lot of young people worry that their CV isn’t good because they haven’t got much on it. A few bits of advice on that:

  • This comes with time. If you apply yourself, you’ll quickly go from not having enough to say to experiencing the dilemma of choosing what to include and what not to include;
  • The best way to build a strong CV is to gain experience. For a long time, my CV was only part time work and volunteering experience, because that’s all I had. The more I did and more I took advantage of opportunities, the better I felt about my CV;
  • Every interviewer and CV reviewer at one stage had a blank CV. They will remember that!

I hope that some of the points I’ve outlined have been useful and that they help you build or develop your CV.

What’s next?

  • Do your own research – there are lots of free courses, articles and useful videos on CV writing. Take the same approach: if the information is useful, use it. If it isn’t, don’t use it!
  • Send your CV to a member of the You Press team. We’ll gladly review it and give you feedback.

If you have any questions about anything in this article/blog, drop me an email – hal@youpress.org.uk

Moving To London At 18

When I turned 18 and finished my studies in my home country, I packed my bags and moved to London to embark on my dream to study music in the big city. This is my journey and how I learned to survive the many challenges of “adulting” in a foreign country.

I’ve always had a fascination with the UK. From the funny accents to the old rich history, I knew I wanted to move here. I come from a mixed background and have never felt particular obligation to stay in the same country as I grew up in. Of course, once I got here, I realised that I had gotten myself into something bigger and scarier than I could imagine. London was loud, huge and chaotic in comparison to the medium sized Swedish city I was raised in. I didn’t understand the strange bureaucracy, getting accommodation or finding a bank. I felt people were very polite, but I was often unsure of people’s intentions or genuine feelings. I couldn’t connect to people and felt even more distant when people made jokes I found too controversial. I noticed how one must have banter to fit in, a particular sense of humour the British have developed to tease each other.

My patience was fading and I was starting to despise the place I had dreamt to live in. There were many moments I wanted to give up. After 6 months of hardship I was able to go home for the Holidays. When I came back to I greeted my fellow students and slowly realised, I didn’t have close friends. I realised then that I had been too busy criticising my new environment to make close connections. Once I made proper efforts to accept the differences of the people around me I was able to embrace several important friendships.

Once adopting friendships with people from the UK and elsewhere, I started to slowly understanding the quirks and sense of humour that were commonly used in almost all kinds of conversations. So-called “banter” was used to take the piss out people, but it wasn’t quite as black and white as insulting someone. Being emotionally intimate with people seemed to be something the brits sometimes struggled with. It’s almost like banter was a tool to show friends how close you considered them. Like someone taking the piss out of you but really, they meant “look how close we are, only a close friend could say that”. There are of course always some people who take advantage of this social behaviour and use it to undermine and abuse people. That was also something I learned to distinguish between.

I also stopped comparing, and accepted it was impossible to hold the same standards to two completely different countries. I started appreciating London for what it had, and not what it lacked. I started treating the places I would go to regularly like my own small town inside of the big city. This really helped my peace of mind, and made London feel less intimidating.

I’ve now lived in London for 5 years, and I know moving here was the best decision I have ever made. Nothing makes you grow more than challenging yourself. London is still a challenge and inspires me daily to keep pushing, creating and living to the fullest.

My survival guide to moving to London:

  1. Find a community
  2. Embrace the culture clash
  3. Make London your little village
  4. Start creating opportunities

By Liv Barath

My Journey of Knowledge

In my first university admission interview, the interviewer was baffled as to why I chose International Politics for my course even though I studied the Sciences and Maths for my A-Levels. I answered that I was always interested in global affairs and had some sort of idea on how the world ticks but was never given the opportunity to delve into it in high school or sixth form. I was given a place on that course but little did I know how ignorant I was. This is only a fraction of ideas I studied in university but it is the best way to show my rollercoaster of knowledge.  

In my first semester of university, I was exposed to Karl Marx’s teachings which galvanised me and turn me into a Marxist sympathiser. I was never taught about Karl Marx in high school and only heard his name once or twice in conversations but I can see why so many people levitated towards his teachings. However, the more I studied him the more contradictions and problems arose as well as the impact it had on global politics even though it was not what Marx envisioned. Stalinism and Maoism, a mixture of Marxism and totalitarianism spoiled Marx’s name in the United States as well as the rest of the Western World. But socialism, if applied like in the Scandinavian countries, can be highly beneficial for the people and the economy.  

Therefore, I continued with my journey of knowledge which led me to John Maynard Keynes. The Great Depression and the two world wars took a massive toll on the world’s economy in the first half of the Twentieth Century. The rise of communism threatened global capitalism but, Keynes, an eccentric man for his day, devised a plan to combat a shattered global economy by advising governments to have an active role in the economy. To briefly summarise Keynes’ ideas, the government’s job is to push the economy into the right direction when the economy was not doing so well through high spending and low-interest rates but do the opposite when the economy is doing well. This led to the golden age of capitalism with the rise of the middle class. However, Keynes was not alive to solve the 1970s global recession which had the combination of his stagflation and unemployment. 

This led me to Fredrich Hayek’s neoliberalism, which I think is the most controversial one so far on my list. His idea was simple but revolutionised the global economy, it was deregulation and privatisation of governmental assets. In other words, it was to unshackle the economy from the government. He went as far to privatise all aspects of life including basic utilities like water and healthcare as well as the military where the government drew the line. 

Nonetheless, I found his ideas the hardest to come to terms with because this made the wealthy even wealthier while punishing the poor. Neoliberalism has been the dominant form of thinking until the 2008 global economic crash, but the repercussions of the crash are still felt today with the rise of nationalistic parties. 

In my journey of knowledge, one thing I am certain of is that, one theory cannot explain everything which is the reason why governments apply different aspects of different theories and which is why I questioned those who follow one set of theory 

At the moment, I am more inclined to support some level of controlled capitalism like Keynes but allow the economy to readjust itself naturally without interference from the government or wealthy individuals and companies. 

By Kaled Abdi

Photo by Tegan Mierle on Unsplash

Time Flies, While Being Abroad

From my personal involvement in studying/ interning abroad, it’s definitely an unforgettable few months that you will continuously have in the back of your head. But since London is such a large city, sometimes it gave me anxiety and made me feel too overwhelmed to the point that I didn’t explore and manage my time enough. With the crowds of people, public transportation, and the large variety of boroughs within the city, there is an abundance of things to do. I think the main reason I didn’t utilise my time as wisely here is because of not being used to this style of living; I’m used to living in a relaxed and uneventful city in the states which is a huge difference compared to London.  

Now that my internship is coming to an end and my flight leaves in less than a week, I feel like I’m starting to scramble around to see as much as possible before I depart. Now that it’s too late, I realized that I truly should have planned out my time better while being here in London. Even though I have been here for 7 weeks already, there have just been countless amounts of opportunities and exploration that I didn’t take advantage of. On the positive side, I did tour Parliament, The Tower of London, The Globe Theatre, Banqueting House, Wimbledon and multiple museums throughout my time in London.

The point that I’m trying to get across is do not waste time abroad, because before you know it you will be taking off at Heathrow Airport! Take every positive opportunity that you can, and if you don’t, I’m confident that you will regret it when you are gone! Rather than staying inside or sleeping in late, start your day early, and you will realise how much more you can get out of a day. In addition, try to take a few minutes to plan out your day and time manage so that when you have the chance to go explore, you will be prepared and not waste any precious time. Traveling abroad is a once in a lifetime opportunity, so take full advantage of experiencing the different cultures and environment that you are temporarily apart of.

If you ever plan to study/intern abroad, I hope you take my suggestions into full consideration. The clock is always ticking, and with the blink of an eye your experience will come to an end. By all means, I’m not saying that I didn’t do anything adventurous while in London; I just didn’t do as much as I potentially could have done. Don’t make the same exact mistake that I made, or you will be disappointed. There are plenty of other things that I want to see and do in London but won’t get the chance at the moment. London is a fantastic place and I hope to come back with a different mentality so that I can get the most out of the trip as humanly possible! Overall, I still truly enjoyed my time here in London and traveling abroad truly helped me grow as a person. To conclude, don’t forget about always time managing and planning to make the most out of a trip because it will quickly be over before you even realize!

Photo by Maria Teneva on Unsplash

By Drew Parker Nahmias

How Drama Can Increase Your Self-Confidence

In my first years after joining secondary school, I often found it hard to have confidence in myself; my parents’ evenings were filled with my teachers telling me that I was too quiet in class and people would often ask me to speak up, so they could hear what I was saying. However, after attending drama classes for four years, I feel a lot more confident in myself, and other people have noticed it too; by working on different aspects of yourself and being willing to face challenges, anyone can improve their self-confidence.

Self-confidence is defined as: a feeling of trust in one’s abilities, qualities and judgement. 

Drama is something that can be very helpful when building self-confidence. Low self-confidence is often associated with quietness of speech and a tendency to shy away from the spotlight, but this is something that drama forces you to counteract. When attending drama classes, participants learn how to use breathing to speak with clarity, as well as how to project their voices enough to fill a room. These skills allow you to sound more sure of yourself when you speak, and in time, this may lead you to actually feel more sure of yourself as well.

Another aspect of self-confidence that drama can address is improving the way you hold yourself physically. Body language gives people hundreds of subliminal messages, which lead them to form judgements about you, before you’ve even opened your mouth. It is a stereotype for people with low self-confidence to stand with their shoulders hunched and their hands in their pockets, not really realising the effect this has on how confident they appear. Drama encourages you to think about all aspects of the character you are portraying, including the way they stand. Once you get into the habit of focusing on your physicality when acting, it will be easy to transfer this into real life: where previously, you would not have paid much attention to your body’s positioning, after spending so much time working on this in drama classes, you will find that you become more aware of it in general life, which allows you to make changes such as standing up straighter or widening your stance. These make you both appear and feel more self-confident.

Lastly, never underestimate the power of ‘fake it ‘til you make it’. This involves approaching situations as if you were a self-confident person, even if you believe you are not. It’s a form of acting and visualisation that you can do in real life, and it can really make a difference. You could give a fake smile when talking about something, to make it seem as if you’re more sure of what you are saying, or you could laugh something embarrassing off, even if you feel uncomfortable on the inside. If you spend enough time practicing your confidence levels, eventually, you will start to believe it and your self-confidence will genuinely improve.

By Isabella Davidson

How to Deal with Exam Stress

Already stressed for GCSEs, A levels or Uni exams? Here are a few tips that you can use to fight your nerves.

PREPARING Revision is probably the most important for exams; you need to know the content! This also improves your confidence when going into the exam room. If you are prepared for the exam, you will feel happier and more ready so don’t think revision and preparation is something you can just skip, it is worth it. However, we all know it can be hard to have the motivation to work and to revise if you don’t really want to. There are different ways you can revise and prepare and it is best to try them all out a bit and find out which one is best for you and which one works best with your revision. You can use revision cards, mind maps, writing and reading notes, practise questions or online tools like quizlet or other apps like IMindMap. The best way to revise is NOT by trying to pull an all-nighter because that does more harm than good. Revising on limited or no sleep does not work because your brain is not processing the information and it is wasting your time. Take short breaks between your studying so you have time to relax and rest. What works for me is short bursts of note-taking and I do about 30 mins and then a 5/10 min ‘tea’ break. I find that this makes my time more effective over the day. I also like to revise and work with my friends because I feel happier around them and they are always there for me to ask for help. As long as you are using the best method of learning for you and not overworking yourself, there is no need to stress because you know you have done the most you could do to give yourself the best possible chance of doing well in your exam. 

HEALTH It is so important to keep your physical and mental health in check. Make sure you are drinking plenty of water and eating a healthy, balanced diet. Don’t skip meals and try eating superfoods or foods like dark chocolate, nuts, milk, yoghurt and salmon. Chamomile tea is also stress-reducing and for the morning before an exam, why not try some toast with jam or oatmeal for breakfast. Try to exercise to keep fit and happy. Personally, I’m not too keen on running as I don’t like it and I’m not very good but sometimes, I go for a nice walk or play a sport that I enjoy, use this as a break from studying. Don’t over-work yourself or cut out all the other things you want to do, just to spend more time working. Make sure you are getting the appropriate amount of sleep and not too much time on screens like your mobile or laptop. Even though it is hard, I find that not going on social media about 1 or 2 hours before bed helps me go to sleep earlier and easier. 

LOOKING FOR HELP Sometimes, you might need some extra help, more personal and specific to your stress and why you are stressing. There are several options available but what I find most helpful myself was talking to a parent or friend. Even if they don’t say anything, it is sometimes nice to just empty your mind and thoughts and have someone there to listen. 

By Sophia Brown

Cultural Differences Between the UK and the US

Recently, I went on a trip to America to visit my grandparents; I have been going to the US for this purpose ever since I was little, but as I have grown up and become more aware of my surroundings, I have started to notice the subtle differences that are present between the two countries. This includes the types of social interaction that occur, as well as differences in the meaning of common words.

One difference that jumped out at me was the fact that the average American person just seems to be much more friendly than their English counterpart. This is showcased in situations such as when going into a shop (which they normally call a ‘store’), where a customer need only walk in the door for the shop assistant to make them feel welcome by immediately asking if they need help with finding anything specific. I was so unused to this that it actually made me feel a bit awkward when I had to tell them that I just wanted to look around, since in the UK, you are free to browse without the bother of having to talk to anyone. In addition to this, even when I did not buy anything before leaving the shop, I was always told to ‘have a nice day’ by this stranger who I had never even spoken to before. Having returned back to the UK, I now feel a bit offended that people no longer wish for my day to be a nice one.

Another difference was the food/establishments that serve food. For one thing, America contains a very large number of ‘drive-thrus’- something that is quite rare in England. While some may think the reason for this is our love for proper spelling, it’s more likely to be the fact that Americans have a tradition of ‘road trips’ (where people travel by car through multiple different states within the USA). The UK does not have this in quite the same way, as it is physically a much smaller country, therefore, people do not spend as much time in their cars for leisurely travel purposes as Americans do, so would be less likely to treat themselves to a stop at a drive-thru McDonalds along the way.

The final difference that I will address is the discrepancies between seemingly well-known words; it’s quite surprising to see just how many differences there are, even though both countries speak the same language, albeit ‘American-English versus British-English’. For example, my grandma would refer to her ‘pocketbook’: saying that she needed to get it from inside, and then emerging with her handbag, while I had been imagining that she meant some kind of small novel. Another interesting language difference is their use of the word ‘bathroom’, i.e. this is used to refer to what we in Britain would normally call the ‘toilet’ or the ‘loo’. Apparently, using the word ‘toilet’ is seen as vulgar, so ‘bathroom’ is substituted, even when the room in question does not actually contain a bath.

By Isabella Davidson

Volunteering in The Community

Are you looking for volunteering or other things you can do to improve your work experience or your CV? Maybe you want to learn and explore new skills or find a way of giving back to your community. There is such a variety of options and activities that there is always something that appeals to everyone. 

LIBRARY I started volunteering and working with my local library because I love books. I love being around them and organising them! I often found myself in the childrens’ section of the library and helping children read and enjoy their books. I enjoyed this because the happiness and excitement on their faces after having read a good book is indescribable and made me feel happy myself. Due to the fact that some children were more keen than others when telling me about how they enjoyed their reading, I thought of it as a task for me to try and encourage them and get them to tell me more. For anyone who likes books, I would recommend going down to your local library and ask the staff if they want to volunteer. Most can be flexible and you can do whatever time or day(s) suits you best. 

NURSING HOME For those more interested in a medical or caring future and career, you will find it useful to volunteer at an old-people’s or nursing home. It is so important for elderly or sick people to have a peaceful and kind environment to live in and it is also rewarding to be a part of the team who make that happen. Just talking to people is much appreciated and you can have a personal relationship with those at the care home. When I visited one locally, I discovered that there are fun trips that take place regularly for the people there and when visiting the home as a volunteer, you can colour pictures with them, read them the news or just talk to them. Notable skills you will pick up are patience, communication and listening. It can give you great people skills as you are forced to be friendly and talk to people which will build confidence.

SOUP KITCHEN If cooking is more your thing then why not try working evenings in a soup kitchen to help the homeless. Every week, people come to work together in a kitchen to make meals so that those who can’t afford to make their own meal can eat properly. You can work either as a chef in the kitchen or serving the food to the many thankful people. It is an often eye-opening experience and teaches a lot about other people who are living on the streets and others who need the help. Soup is not the only food served there and the Christmas dinner is always impressive and delicious. Is it a way of bringing people together and giving you confidence; after preparing the food, you will join and sit with the people and enjoy the food you have made. 

By Sophia Brown

The Difference between University and Secondary Education

In high school, I was taught about Thomas Malthus’s theory of population in my GCSE geography class. We were taught that Malthus theorized population growth will surpass food production so there will be a point of crisis where we cannot sustain the population. 

At the time, we did not delve deeper into this theory and only compare it to Ester Boserup’s agricultural intensification theory which theorized food supply will support population growth so every time humans get close to the point of crisis, technological advancement will find alternatives to meet the demands. 

However, we were not taught about the consequences of Malthus’ theory and the devastation it caused. This justified several governments actions to allow mass starvation to occur like the Bengal Famine of 1943. Nevertheless,  I did not critically analyse or even questioned Malthus’ theory until I reached university when we were having a debate on the repercussions of theories to real people’s lives.  

There were two lessons I learnt from this, first I had more freedom to study and analyse different theories which were limited in high school. Secondly, I believe I knew or had enough knowledge about geography and history to participate in debates but what we were taught in high school was only the surface.

The problem we have in the United Kingdom is secondary level education is not only enough to get a decent paying job but also really limited in the scope teachers could teach us. To be fair, teenagers are not known for their attention span but the way we were taught was arguably boring and curriculum is mostly to blame. 

It was not until university I learnt about Marx, Plato, Keynes, Hayek, Friedman to name a few. Ideas that literally shaped the world and yet in high school we were taught about British royalty instead of the pioneers of the time. 

On the other hand, without the strict rules and timetable of high school, we were given a lot of freedom in university and the attendance of the class drop considerably after the first week. Additionally, we were expected to study the material that was given to us as well as do further research because lecturers only introduce us to the concept and ideas. 

To conclude, critical thinking should be at the forefront of high school education to allow students to question and explore various historical events that shaped the world we live in. But more importantly, high schoolers need to be taught on how to develop their critical thinking outside the scope of classrooms and into their everyday lives. 

By Kaled Ahmed Abdi

Photo by Priscilla Du Preez on Unsplash